Simraungarh

Simraungarh lies in the district of Bara in Narayani zone, Terai. It is historically famous place in Nepal where ancient relics, remains and remnants are still found. These ancient findings show that it was very famous fortress during Karnat dynasty in Nepal. Garh means a fortress. The fortress of Simraungarh was surrounded by high walls. This fortress was founded by the king Nanyadeo of the Karnat dynasty. It was the centre of the Hindu civilization. King Nanyadeo entered in Nepal in 1097. He came to rule over here. He was the king of Tirhut. The he came to Kathmandy valley and conquered its three sister cities viz. Patan, Kathmandu and Bhaktapur. The last king of Simraungarh was Harsimhadeo. He was forced to flee from there due to the barbarous attacks of Muslims. Its independence was in danger. So he came to Kathmandu valley and established his kingdom here. He also brought the goddess of Tulaju to kathmandu.She is his clan goddess. Tulaju Bhawani is the guardian deity of the Karnat dynasty.

According to the inscription of Pratap Malla, Harisimha deo after the destruction of his capital brought Taleju Bhawani from Simraungarh to Kathmandu valley. His royal priest Kameshwar Thakur advised him to do so. The people of kathmandu valley showed sympathy to the refugee king Harisimhadeo. He slowly established his dominance on Bhaktpur. From that time Malla kings also began to show respect to Tulaju Bhawani.

Kinf Mahendra Malla constructed the temple of Tulaju Bhawani in Kathmandu and established her idol. Thereafter the temple of Tulaju Bhawani was constructed in Bhatkpur and Ptan respectively. The temple of Tulaju Bhawani opens once a year on the ninth day of Dasain, our national festival.

The area of Simraungarh is 28 sq. miles. There was a separate royal fortress within the boundary of Simraungarh. This is called Ranibas which was the queens’ palace. This is surrounded by high walls from all sides. Then the Prime Minister Jung Bahadur Rana sonstructed the temple of Lord Rama within the four walls of Ranibas. This temple is very high and beautiful to look at. His son Jit jung presented two big bells which are hanging on two sides and devotees ring these bells after worshipping. There is mango-orchard around this temple. A big and beautiful fair is held on the auspicious occasion of Rama Nawami. The fort area is replete with ponds and wells full of water. There is a hearsay that during the reign of Raja Sabai Singh there were 208 ponds and 208 wells. The historical and religious temple of Kankali Mai is also situated on the banks of one of the famous ponds which is full of water and lotus flowers. This temple is the symbol of Mai cult and still prevalent in the whole Terai of Nepal. Historical and religious idols and images are scattered hither and thither. There is an open museum of broken images and idols. Nobody looks after them. There is also a police station near by this but the number of these images and idols is decreasing day by day. The priest of the Kankali Mai temple Ram Sharan Giri accepts this fact without hesitation. There is also a high school nearby this temple. It indicates that Simraungarh was a prosperous state during the reign of Harisimhadeo.

No exaction work has been explored by the Dept, of National Archives HMG. It seems very mysterious land. Every inch of land is surrounded with myth and mystery. An historical store- house and stone-made box were found by the villagers. According to them this is guarded by snakes. Nobody try to steal them out of fear. They say that somebody tried to take away the box snake appeared at that time. Some people tried to make houses on that land and some of them huts and houses in spite of the fact that they should not do that. One of their sons died instantly. That’s why Simraungarh is still shrouded by mystery and myth. New excavation work will reveal this mystery if some thing will be done in this direction. One can still find the burnt rice mingled with sand and ash. It indicates that there was a storehouse and go down of paddy and rice there.

The Karnat dynasty occupies a very important place in the history of Simraungarh. It is said that there were only three centers in Nepal viz. Simraungarh, Upatayaka and Morang where Maithili Sahitya (Maithili literature) flourished for decades after being encouraged by Kant Mishra in the book entitled Cultureal Heritage of Mithila.

According to the Nepal chronicles, inscription of Pratap Malla and stone inscription of Nanyadeo’s Simraungarh and Champaranya (Nanyapur) in 1097 Nanyadeo established the Kingdom of Mithila nearby Simraungarh. Nanyadeo had come as commander and prime minister of the king Vikramaditya and chedi king Karna after the invasion of North India. He established his own kingdom after that. Nanyadeo, Narsinghdeo and harisingh deo ruled over Simraungarh from 1097 to 1324. I 1324 Gayasudin Tuglak defeated Harisingh deo. So he fled away from there to the hills of Himalaya. He died at Tin Patan due to this shock. The queen of Harisinghdeo entered Nepal with her son.

In Gopal Rajbansawali Dev Lakshmi Devi is called Deval Devi in short. After the death of Rudradeo she played a crucial role in the Bhaktpur Royal family. On her attempt her son Jagatsingh became the sub-ruler and daughter of Nayuk Devi Rajaldevi’s husband Sthiti Malla became a powerful king and established the Malla dynasty.

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