in the district of Bara in Narayani zone, Terai. It is historically
famous place in Nepal where ancient relics, remains and remnants are
still found. These ancient findings show that it was very famous fortress
during Karnat dynasty in Nepal. Garh means a fortress. The fortress
of Simraungarh was surrounded by high walls. This fortress was founded
by the king Nanyadeo of the Karnat dynasty. It was the centre of the
Hindu civilization. King Nanyadeo entered in Nepal in 1097. He came
to rule over here. He was the king of Tirhut. The he came to Kathmandy
valley and conquered its three sister cities viz. Patan, Kathmandu
and Bhaktapur. The last king of Simraungarh was Harsimhadeo. He was
forced to flee from there due to the barbarous attacks of Muslims.
Its independence was in danger. So he came to Kathmandu valley and
established his kingdom here. He also brought the goddess of Tulaju
to kathmandu.She is his clan goddess. Tulaju Bhawani is the guardian
deity of the Karnat dynasty.
the inscription of Pratap Malla, Harisimha deo after the destruction
of his capital brought Taleju Bhawani from Simraungarh to Kathmandu
valley. His royal priest Kameshwar Thakur advised him to do so. The
people of kathmandu valley showed sympathy to the refugee king Harisimhadeo.
He slowly established his dominance on Bhaktpur. From that time Malla
kings also began to show respect to Tulaju Bhawani.
Malla constructed the temple of Tulaju Bhawani in Kathmandu and established
her idol. Thereafter the temple of Tulaju Bhawani was constructed
in Bhatkpur and Ptan respectively. The temple of Tulaju Bhawani opens
once a year on the ninth day of Dasain, our national festival.
The area of Simraungarh
is 28 sq. miles. There was a separate royal fortress within the boundary
of Simraungarh. This is called Ranibas which was the queens’
palace. This is surrounded by high walls from all sides. Then the
Prime Minister Jung Bahadur Rana sonstructed the temple of Lord Rama
within the four walls of Ranibas. This temple is very high and beautiful
to look at. His son Jit jung presented two big bells which are hanging
on two sides and devotees ring these bells after worshipping. There
is mango-orchard around this temple. A big and beautiful fair is held
on the auspicious occasion of Rama Nawami. The fort area is replete
with ponds and wells full of water. There is a hearsay that during
the reign of Raja Sabai Singh there were 208 ponds and 208 wells.
The historical and religious temple of Kankali Mai is also situated
on the banks of one of the famous ponds which is full of water and
lotus flowers. This temple is the symbol of Mai cult and still prevalent
in the whole Terai of Nepal. Historical and religious idols and images
are scattered hither and thither. There is an open museum of broken
images and idols. Nobody looks after them. There is also a police
station near by this but the number of these images and idols is decreasing
day by day. The priest of the Kankali Mai temple Ram Sharan Giri accepts
this fact without hesitation. There is also a high school nearby this
temple. It indicates that Simraungarh was a prosperous state during
the reign of Harisimhadeo.
No exaction work
has been explored by the Dept, of National Archives HMG. It seems
very mysterious land. Every inch of land is surrounded with myth and
mystery. An historical store- house and stone-made box were found
by the villagers. According to them this is guarded by snakes. Nobody
try to steal them out of fear. They say that somebody tried to take
away the box snake appeared at that time. Some people tried to make
houses on that land and some of them huts and houses in spite of the
fact that they should not do that. One of their sons died instantly.
That’s why Simraungarh is still shrouded by mystery and myth.
New excavation work will reveal this mystery if some thing will be
done in this direction. One can still find the burnt rice mingled
with sand and ash. It indicates that there was a storehouse and go
down of paddy and rice there.
The Karnat dynasty
occupies a very important place in the history of Simraungarh. It
is said that there were only three centers in Nepal viz. Simraungarh,
Upatayaka and Morang where Maithili Sahitya (Maithili literature)
flourished for decades after being encouraged by Kant Mishra in the
book entitled Cultureal Heritage of Mithila.
the Nepal chronicles, inscription of Pratap Malla and stone inscription
of Nanyadeo’s Simraungarh and Champaranya (Nanyapur) in 1097
Nanyadeo established the Kingdom of Mithila nearby Simraungarh. Nanyadeo
had come as commander and prime minister of the king Vikramaditya
and chedi king Karna after the invasion of North India. He established
his own kingdom after that. Nanyadeo, Narsinghdeo and harisingh deo
ruled over Simraungarh from 1097 to 1324. I 1324 Gayasudin Tuglak
defeated Harisingh deo. So he fled away from there to the hills of
Himalaya. He died at Tin Patan due to this shock. The queen of Harisinghdeo
entered Nepal with her son.
In Gopal Rajbansawali
Dev Lakshmi Devi is called Deval Devi in short. After the death of
Rudradeo she played a crucial role in the Bhaktpur Royal family. On
her attempt her son Jagatsingh became the sub-ruler and daughter of
Nayuk Devi Rajaldevi’s husband Sthiti Malla became a powerful
king and established the Malla dynasty.